But only with a knuckle-load of patience, persistence, reasoned argumentation, and above all, compassion

There’s no challenge like persuading a conspiracy theorist, an ‘anti-vaxxer’, or any other ‘denialist’ to see reason. The attempt can exhaust and distress you. After years of trying, I’d given it up as a lost cause. But then I was proved wrong.

A close friend— a research scientist— called me. “Austin, I just persuaded an anti-vaxxer to go get herself and her kids vaccinated.” I came back with, “That’s great! But… how the hell did you do it?” The rest of this story is an exploration of her answer.


The key is to listen and be compassionate throughout. In a…

How to write articles that create buzz and change lives

You’re in bed, it’s late, your eyes are sore, and you have a painful crick in your neck despite the stack of pillows; but you keep turning the pages like an addict keeps squeezing the syringe. You should have been asleep hours ago. You’ll suffer tomorrow and you know it. But you can’t stop reading.

When you write, that’s the effect you want to have on your reader.

As a writer, you don’t just read. You read consciously. You read with a keen sensitivity not only to the emotional effects of what you’re reading and the information you can get…

How to slay distraction, sharpen focus, and achieve your goals

“My imagination functions much better when I don’t have to speak to people.”

~ Patricia Highsmith

Whether writing persuasive marketing copy or the next bestselling novel, all writers need to nurture a deep understanding of people and what makes them tick. And understanding other people is only possible once you understand yourself. But self-knowledge needs resources that are scarce in the modern world: silence, solitude, and time.

To slay distraction, sharpen your focus, and achieve your writing goals, you need to create an abundance of all three. The bad news is, for most of us it’s difficult. …

Break free of these bad habits to be the writer of your dreams

It’s not what you do

When you think about how to improve as a writer, you focus on things you need to do. It’s all about discipline and productivity. Write every day, write faster, write more. Right? Wrong. So, so wrong.

The most important thing you can do to be the best writer you can be is to stop doing all the things that hold you back, block you, and undermine your success. You may not even know you’re doing them. It’s time to change that.

There’s no-one here but you. Even I’m not here anymore by the time you’re reading this! So, you can…

The most helpful guide ever to magazines and e-zines that will buy your short fiction now

Among the very first written documents, inscribed on papyrus in ancient Egypt some 6,800 years ago, is a collection of short stories commissioned by the pharaoh Khufu. Khufu is better known in the West as Cheops, the mummified occupant of the Great Pyramid of Giza. His short story collection, named after its discoverer as the Papyrus Westcar, is now housed in the Ägyptisches Museum in Berlin.

These short stories — magical tales of wizardry and wonder — pre-date the first Western poets such as Homer and Ovid by millennia. They were almost certainly drawn from earlier oral traditions. Wonder tales…

Consensus reality, tricks of the mind, and a reasonable hope for a better world

At the age of 80, after a life of meditation, introspection, and spiritual teaching, the Buddha died of violent food poisoning. He’d just eaten either a pork or mushroom dish (scholars debate the translation of the earliest texts) offered him by a well-meaning blacksmith.

He was born at least 500 years before Christ.

Like Christ, he enjoys a highly mythologized biography in which historical facts rub shoulders with unlikely stories of miracles and wonders.

But putting the legendary figure to one side, the Buddha’s teaching reflects many of the most important developments in contemporary psychology, philosophy and neuroscience.

Buddhists from…

Learn how to choose the best narrative viewpoint for your story

Getting the narrative viewpoint right or wrong can make or break your novel. Beginner writers rarely realize how important it is to choose the right narrator or narrators to tell their story. They just assume that it must be the person whose story is being told, the protagonist.

But that’s not a good assumption. The choice of narrative viewpoint needs serious thought as it will influence the plot, voice, narrative style, tone, and emotional arc of the book. It’s a keystone in the architecture of your novel. …

Learn from your rejections and use them to inspire better writing

You’re welcome to Le Carré — he hasn’t got any future

a publisher’s rejection of The Spy Who Came In From the Cold.

After being rejected dozens of times, John le Carré’s world-class, bestselling spy thriller sold hundreds of millions of copies worldwide and still sells. If you can hunt down a first edition copy, it’ll set you back at least $3000. And not only did his book have commercial success, it also received several literary awards and became a Hollywood blockbuster movie.

Le Carré’s story isn’t unique. You won’t need to search long to uncover dozens of similar…

Put your ego aside and your writing first to get the most out of the editorial process

Your manuscript is both good and original; but the part that is good is not original, and the part that is original is not good

— Dr. Samuel Johnson

Getting ready for an editorial critique

At a certain stage of your literary development, you look for serious critiques of your work. You don’t stuff your recycling bin with unfinished drafts anymore. Now, if you start an article, a story, a blog post, or even a novel, you finish it. The relationship between form, style, and content is clearer to you; your work has a sense of direction; and you see the quality of your writing improve.

The best — and worst — ways to get professional feedback on your fiction and boost your chances of publication success

Let’s start with the bad news

Publishing houses and literary agents almost never give any editorial feedback on the work they reject. Many authors think they’re cruel and snobbish to behave in such a fashion. But they don’t have the time. They’re businesses, not charitable institutions. The more time they spend critiquing sub-par work, the less time they have to look after the interests of the clients they already represent.

If you get a sentence or two of advice, critique, or encouragement from a literary agent or publisher who rejects your manuscript, rejoice and be glad. No agent or publisher, especially if they work for the…

Austin Hackney

Austin is a professional writer/editor. He shares sensible advice for serious writers and occasional diversions into science, philosophy, culture, and the arts.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store